|Airport|| 150 || km |
If you haven't decided yet what to do during your spring or summer holiday, stop here for a moment and marvel at the color of the flowers, the diversity of the insects and the beauty of the birds which live among this fascinating environment. One can hardly describe in words, let alone a few lines, what the beauty and attraction of the Delta means to all its visitors. It is said that once visited, this dreamland will keep drawing you back like an irresistible call. Numerous tourist attractions and various itineraries can be found here. The Danube Delta (591,200 hectares) was included in the UNESCO Project as a reservation of the Biosphere because of its peculiar features and the originality and variety of the ecosystems (more than 25 types of natural ecosystems). There are 16 protected areas where no commercial activity is allowed plus areas for ecological rehabilitation, buffer zones and commercial areas where tourism is permitted. The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve was not among the first reservations established, neither is it among the largest on earth. It ranks fifth among the humid regions on earth, second in Europe. However, this reservation is considered third in the world with respect to its ecological importance.
This natural sanctuary is made up of brooks and lakes (over 400), floating islands (19.5 square km), “reed forests” (the biggest compact reed thicket on earth – 180,000 hectares), lianas, and willow and poplar forests. It shelters a fabulous fauna. In the Danube Delta there are over 300 species of birds including pelicans, egrets, spoonbills, pygmy cormorants and red-necked geese. Some of these are endangered species and are protected by the Berne Convention. In this birds’ paradise there are 176 species who make their home in the Danube Delta, while other migratory birds arrive in spring and autumn from all over Europe as well as from other continents. The ichthyofauna includes over 100 species of fish including sheatfish, pike, carp, herring, sturgeon, and sevruga. Some of these have significant economical value (sturgeon). As for mammals, minks, fox and wild boar should be mentioned. Wherever you look, you will see floating islets covered by rush and reed, lianas like in tropical forests, and lakes carpeted by water lilies which hide a puzzling underwater world. This place is a paradise for those who like to fish and hunt. Rules pertaining to hunting and fishing in the Danube Delta have been established by the Hunter and Anglers Union and the Administration of the "Delta Dunarii" Biosphere Reservation. The areas which may be hunted and fished are designated each year but the main areas are: Razim, Caraorman, Uzlina, Crisan-Sulina, Mila 23-Sat, Ilgani (geese, mallards, moor hens, snipes, wild boar) and Cardon - under special circumstances (roebucks, pheasants, hares). To discover this paradise one may travel by ship on any of the three tributaries of the Danube. The northern branch of the Delta is called the Chilia. This branch has a length of 104 km and includes four estuaries which form a mini-delta. The central branch, the Sulina, is the most utilized by passenger ships and cargo vessels. It meanders along 71 km and practically flows into the middle of the Danube, sometimes having a width of 250 meters. It empties into the former port of Sulina. Other meanderings of the river allow access to some lagoons and small navigable channels. From this point of view lakes Fortuna and Gorgova are two beautiful examples. The meridional branch is called Sf. Gheorghe. It stretches 112 km up to the former settlement of Sf. Gheorghe from where it flows into the sea.
The Danube Delta is a perfect holiday choice especially when one takes into consideration Romanian hospitality!